Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science 2018-06-28T16:20:31+02:00 Jaroslav Havlíček Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Welcome to the Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science</strong></p> <p>The Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science is an international, open-access, double-blind-peer-reviewed and fully refereed scientific journal. The journal aims to publish perspectives of authors dealing with issues of efficiency and/or responsibility in education and related scientific disciplines. Authors may publish their original works here under the condition that the work deals with at least one of the key topics of the journal: efficiency of presented results and/or their responsibility (but also ethics, aesthetics, elegance, etc.).</p> <p>This e-journal contributes to the development of both theory and practice in the fields specified above. The journal accepts full research papers and short communications as well as review studies that contribute to delivering of&nbsp;scientific findings.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jaroslav Havlíček, Editor-in-Chief</p> Internet Use and Abuse: Connection with Internet Addiction 2018-06-28T16:17:54+02:00 Eva Milková Petra Ambrožova <p style="text-align: justify;">Modern information and communication technologies have progressed quickly. Mobile technology, personal computers and the Internet have become closely linked to human life. However, all these devices and their use bring various pitfalls. Cheating of pupils and students in the school environment has been an interdisciplinary issue linked not only to pedagogy, but also to the whole range of sub-disciplines, like for example social pedagogy or etopedy. The latter disciplines have been significantly interfered by information and communication technologies that bring new forms of illegal school activities. Due to modern technologies we can also trace an increase of inattention of pupils and students and their tendency to distraction during lessons. Signs of Internet addiction among pupils and students can be observed more often. The paper deals with a research focusing on Internet use by secondary school youth and possible risks of using the Internet for them. Three aspects entering the educational process of adolescents are discussed there; Internet use, school cheating and Internet addictive behavior. In addition, a relation between possible risks of Internet use and educational strategies according the Learning Combination Inventory originated by Christine A. Johnston was examined within the research.</p> 2018-06-28T15:41:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Returning Responsibility to the Home: Outcomes of Background Checks on Low and High Achievers in Middle Basic Mathematics in North Bank Suburb of Makurdi, Nigeria 2018-06-28T16:19:56+02:00 Joshua Abah Abah Terungwa James Age, Mr Mercy Onyinyechi Okoronkwo, Ms <p style="margin: 0px 0px 13.33px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">This study is a correlational survey of the impact of home involvement on the mathematics achievement of Basic 5 pupils in North Bank suburb of Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. The study is the outcome of the first phase of a local intervention programme targeted at encouraging homes in the suburb to actively support the mathematics education of children at the Basic Education level. The participants of the study comprise 73 Basic 5 pupils along with their parents across three basic schools in the suburb. The mathematics achievement scores of the pupils for the First Term of the 2016/2017 Academic Session were correlated with home involvement scores generated from the adopted Parental Involvement Questionnaire. The correlational analysis established a weak positive relationship (<em>r</em> = 0.0177, <em>p</em> = 0.9241; and <em>r</em> = 0.174, <em>p</em> = 0.2884) between home involvement and mathematics achievement. Further interaction with pupils revealed that outside pupils’ parents, certain friends, members of extended family and neighbours play vital roles, ranging from re-teaching class work at home to providing guidance for mathematics homework.</span></p> 2018-06-28T15:41:27+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relations between Scientific Reasoning and Culture of Problem Solving 2018-06-28T16:20:31+02:00 Eva Hejnová Petr Eisenmann Jiří Cihlář Jiří Přibyl <p style="text-align: justify;">The article reports the results of a study, the main aim of which was to find out correlations among the three components of the Culture of problem solving (reading comprehension, creativity and ability to use the existing knowledge) and six dimensions of Scientific reasoning (conservation of matter and volume, proportional reasoning, control of variables, probability reasoning, correlation reasoning and hypothetical-deductive reasoning). Further, we present the correlations among individual components of the Culture of problem-solving and individual dimensions of Scientific reasoning with pupils’ school performance in mathematics and physics. We conducted our survey among 23 pupils aged between 14–15 years in the Ústí nad Labem Region. The results have shown that one component of the Culture of problem-solving – the ability to use the existing knowledge – strongly correlates with three dimensions of the Scientific reasoning structure: proportional reasoning, control of variables and probability reasoning. However, no correlation was proved between the creativity and the dimensions of Scientific reasoning. We have found out also that the indicators of the Culture of problem-solving and the Scientific reasoning largely do not correlate with school performance either in mathematics or in physics.</p> 2018-06-28T15:41:57+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##