From F2F to ERT: University Students’ Perception of Remote Learning During the First COVID-19 Lockdown


  • Katerina Dvorakova University of South Bohemia
  • Jaroslav Emmer University of South Bohemia
  • Renata Janktová University of South Bohemia
  • Kateřina Klementová University of South Bohemia



ERT (emergency remote teaching), F2F (face-to-face) instruction, online learning, student satisfaction, university education


In the spring of 2020, the University of South Bohemia was one of the innumerable higher education institutions which was obliged to move its instruction online in order to comply with the COVID-19 regulations. This article explores the evaluation of emergency remote teaching (ERT) measures taken by the English department from the perspective of its students. It presents and discusses findings gathered from a questionnaire completed by 99 respondents. The questionnaire centres around four areas of interest: satisfaction with ERT, comparison of face-to-face (F2F) vs. online learning experiences, perceived stress level during ERT, and acquisition of skills. The results show how students responded to the emergency procedures and which factors they considered essential in terms of satisfaction and stress. Furthermore, they reveal thought-provoking insights on aspects such as integrating elements of online teaching into F2F instruction, developing various skills in lockdown, and motivation for learning. Our findings are analysed in terms of aspects and factors which are viewed as efficient or inefficient by students in a time of crisis. Thus, this research may contribute not only to better preparedness should circumstances requiring ERT return, but also to a more complex re-evaluation of instructional approach at university level.


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How to Cite

Dvorakova, K., Emmer, J., Janktová, R. . and Klementová, K. (2021) ’From F2F to ERT: University Students’ Perception of Remote Learning During the First COVID-19 Lockdown’, Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 89-100



Research Paper