How do Studies at the University Help Prospective Physical Education Teachers form Their Professional Identity?


  • Sniegina Poteliūnienė Vytautas Magnus University
  • Diana Karanauskienė Lithuanian Sports University
  • Vytė Kontautienė Klaipeda University
  • Lauras Grajauskas Vilnius University Šiauliai Academy



Academic motivation, Professional identity, Self-efficacy, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Study satisfaction, Teacher education


This study examines the expression of self-efficacy, academic motivation, study satisfaction of prospective physical education teachers in different years of study, their interrelationships and intends to explain how studies help prospective physical education teachers shape their professional identities. A questionnaire survey was administered to 783 1st to 4th year undergraduate physical education students from four Lithuanian universities. The year of study did not affect changes in students’ self-efficacy expectations and intrinsic academic motivation, which may mean that such professional identity indicators are less affected by contextual factors. The correlations among the analysed variables showed that the quality of teaching, clear goals, and the maintenance of autonomy are essential components of the academic environment in order to strengthen the prospective PE teacher’s professional identity. The results of the study may encourage physical education teacher educators’ deeper analysis of the ongoing feedback on student satisfaction with their studies as an emotional PI indicator.

Author Biographies

Sniegina Poteliūnienė, Vytautas Magnus University

 Education Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, TŠevčenkos g. 31,LT- 03111, Vilnius, Lithuania, mob. +370 65 287438

Sniegina Poteliūnienė is Professor at Education Academy Vytautas Magnus University. Her research interests are in the fields of: teacher training and development, interaction in education, competence of the teacher, sports motivation, physical self-development.

Diana Karanauskienė, Lithuanian Sports University

Department of Physical and Social Education. 

Diana Karanauskienė is Assoc. Professor at the Department of Physical and Social Education, Lithuanian Sports University. Her research interests include physical education for persons of all ages, healthy physically active aging, moral aspects of physical education and sport, and qualitative research methods.

Vytė Kontautienė, Klaipeda University

Department of Sports, Recreation and Tourism

Vytė Kontautienė is PhD in Social Sciences, Assoc. Professor at the Department of Sports, Recreation, and Tourism of Klaipeda University. Her research interests are: physical education, sports and exercise psychology, sports motivation, human resource management, recreational and leisure physical activity. 

Lauras Grajauskas, Vilnius University Šiauliai Academy

Institute of Education, Vilnius University Šiauliai Academy

Lauras Grajauskas is Assoc. Professor at Institute of Education, Vilnius University Šiauliai Academy. His research interests include: modeling the training of young athletes; sport motivation, physical education teacher and sport coach training, physical activity.


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How to Cite

Poteliūnienė, S., Karanauskienė, D., Kontautienė, V. and Grajauskas, L. (2022) ’How do Studies at the University Help Prospective Physical Education Teachers form Their Professional Identity?’, Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 228–241.



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