Evaluation of Virtual Workspace Laboratory: Cloud Communication and Collaborative Work on Project-Based Laboratory


  • Firmansyah, Juli Physics Education Department, Universitas Serambi Mekkah
  • Suhandi, Andi Science Education Department, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Setiawan, Agus Science Education Department, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Permanasari, Anna Science Education Department, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia




Cloud Communication, Collaborative Work, Project-Based Laboratory, Virtual Workspace


This study evaluated the success or failure of using Virtual Workspace (VW) in a project-based physics laboratory. This study uses a qualitative approach with 4E evaluation methods: educational effectiveness, ease of use, involvement, and environment. Data were collected through a questionnaire to evaluate the implementation and practical functions of the VW CCCW. In addition, data were also collected using interview techniques to find out how the perceptions of students and instructors or lecturers during project-based physics practicums apply VW CCCW. The sample of this study consisted of 126 respondents consisting of 104 prospective physics teacher students, 12 lecturers of basic physics courses, and ten laboratory instructors representing public and private teacher education universities in Aceh. The evaluation findings show that VW has been successfully implemented and tested. The use of virtual workspaces as a tool in practical work is very effective in training 4C skills. Therefore, as an implication in the 4.0 revolution era, virtual workspaces in practicum can be a new way to work collaboratively with task management, creative action plans, communication and problem solving, critical thinking and completing projects, and practicum performance evaluation and assessment.

Author Biographies

Firmansyah, Juli, Physics Education Department, Universitas Serambi Mekkah

is a Doctoral student in Science Education at the School of Postgraduate, Indonesian University of Education (UPI) and a lecturer at the Department of Physics Education at the Serambi Mekkah University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Suhandi, Andi, Science Education Department, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

is a professor of material physics and physics education, particularly in experimental physics at the School of Postgraduate of the Indonesian University of Education. He has competence in research methodology and scientific publications. He has written books on experimental physics models for physics learning at the high school and university level and has published research results related to the development of experimental physics models for specific purposes by applying ICT in an effort to improve 21st century skills

Setiawan, Agus, Science Education Department, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

as a senior lecturer (Associate Professor) at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Agus Setiawan carries out three main tasks including education (teaching), research and community service. So far, Agus Setiawan gives the following lectures:  Physics (Bachelor), Thermodynamics (Bachelor), Heat Transfer (Bachelor), Fluid Mechanics (Bachelor), Quality Management and Leadership (Master), Public Private Partnership (Doctor). Agus Setiawan is active in conducting research and community service in the field material physics, physics education and TVET (Technical and Vocational Education and Training). Agus Setiawan holds a PhD in material physics from Tohoku University and actively conducts teaching and research in the field of material physics, physics education and TVET. He has attended various professional trainings as follows: (1) Applied Approach for Professional Lecturer- UPI Indonesia (1994) (2) Training for advising and supervising Master and PhD students – Monash University (2011), (3) Site Visit to 8 most outstanding TVET Institution in Germany- RCP Project-GIZ Germany (2012). (4) Training on change management for TVET institutions- NYP Singapore & GIZ Germany (2013). Membership of Professional Societies: 1. RAVTE (Regional Association for Vocational and Technical Education in Asia), executive board member. 2. ADGVI (Asosiasi Dosen dan Guru Vokasi Indonesia), member. 3. HFI (Himpunan Fisika Indonesia), member. 4. Japan Society of Applied Physics, member. 5. Asosiasi Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Indonesia (APTEKINDO)

Permanasari, Anna, Science Education Department, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

is a professor at the Graduate School of the Indonesian University of Education who focuses on research in the fields of Scientific Literacy, STEM Education. She has membership of professional associations at the Indonesian Science Pendidik Association/PPII) 2013-present and the World Association on Lesson and Learning Studies (WALLS): 2010 –present. Prof. Anna Permanasari has 35 years of research, teaching and community service experience in the field of science education (chemistry education). In the last 5 years, has conducted research funded by the Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education for the Development of the TBLA-Based Teacher Professional Training Model (2019-2021), STEM-Based Learning in Science Education (2017-2021) and Science Education Learning Model for Science Literacy (2014-2021), STEM-Based Learning for ESD (2019-2021).


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How to Cite

Firmansyah, J., Suhandi, A. ., Setiawan, A. and Permanasari, A. (2022) ’Evaluation of Virtual Workspace Laboratory: Cloud Communication and Collaborative Work on Project-Based Laboratory’, Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 131–141. https://doi.org/10.7160/eriesj.2022.150301



Research Paper