• Kristýna Krejčová University of Economics, Prague



personal construct, personality of prospective teacher, self-reflection, social skills, teachers’ education


To be efficient and satisfied in his profession, a teacher needs to realize his strengths and weaknesses adequately. To support development of self-reflective skills by future teachers, we asked students at Department of Economic Teaching Methodology at University of Economics, Prague, to write an essay called ‘Why am I supposed to be a good teacher?’ Content analysis of self-reflective statements and participants’ personal construct of expert teacher bring important feedback information about skills that should be trained during the education of prospective teachers. Participants consider the self-reflective essay as enriching method that helped them to realize their strengths and weaknesses and to develop their self-reflective skills as an important part of professional expertise.


Arif, M.I.,  Rashid, A., Tahira, S.S., Akhter, M. (2012) ‘Personality and Teaching: An Investigation into Prospective Teachers’ Personality’, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 2, no. 17, pp. 161-171.

Bandura, A. (1977) ‘Self-efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of  Behavioral Change’, Psychological Review, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 191-215.

Disman, M. (2011) How to produce sociological knowledge, Prague: Karolinum.

Freddano, M., Siri, A. (2012) ‘Teacher Training For School Self-Evaluation’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 69, pp. 1142–1149.

Gillernová, I. (2008) ‘Social skills of teachers and possibilities of their development in school enviroment‘, in Mertin, V. et al. (ed.) Pedagogical and Psychological Assessment, Prague: Raabe.  

Hayes, N. (1993) Principles of Social Psychology, Abingdon: Psychology Press.

Körpülü, Ö. (2012) ‘Using Classroom assessment Techniques (CAT) and Diary Keeping in Teacher Training’, Journal of Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-9.

Kelly, G.A. (2003) ‘A Brief Introduction to Personal Construct Theory’, in F. Fransella (ed.) International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Krejčová, K. (2015) ‘Self-reflection of Students of Economic Teaching’, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference Efficiency and Responsibility in Education 2015, Prague, pp. 297-302.

Kyriacou, C. (1998) Essential Teaching Skills, Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.

Majzub, R.M. (2013) ‘Teacher Trainees’ Self Evaluation during Teaching Practicum’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 102 , pp. 19–203.

Manning, C.D., Schütze, H. (1999) Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing, Cambridge: MIT Press.

Miovský, M. (2006) Qualitative Research and Methods in Psychological Research, Prague: Grada.

Mogonea, F., Mogonea, F.R. (2013) ‘Practical and applied aspects regarding the development of the self-evaluation ability of students-future teachers’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 76, pp. 531 –535.

Nasria, N.M., Yusofb, Z.M., Ramasamyc, S., Halimd, L.,  Minge, L.W. (2011) ‘Personal constructs: novice and expert science teachers concerning teacher function’, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 2823–2826.

Plháková, A. (2006) History of Psychology,Prague: Grada.

Seligman, M. (2002) Authentic Happiness, New York: Simon and Schuster.

Sternberg, R.J., Horvath, J.A. (1995) ‘A Prototype View of Expert Teaching’, Educational Researcher, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 9-17.

Švarcová, E. (2010) ‘Ethical Education at Schools’, Journal of Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 36-41.

Touw, H.M.F., Meijer, P.C., Wubbels, T. (2015) ‘Using Kelly’s Theory to Explore Student Teachers’ Constructs about their Pupils’, Personal Construct Theory & Practice, vol. 12, pp. 1-14.

Vygotskij, L.S. (1986). Thought and Language. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Zeren, S.G. (2012) ‘Can Piaget, Freud or Erikson explain my self-development? Preservice teachers’ personal evaluation’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 46, pp. 2445–2450.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Krejčová, K. (2016) ’SELF-REFLECTION OF STUDENTS OF ECONOMIC TEACHING AND THEIR PERSONAL CONSTRUCT OF EXPERT-TEACHER’, Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 17-22



Research Paper