• Hana Lipovská Masaryk University, Brno
  • Jakub Fischer University of Economics, Prague



Gifted students, Talent 2016 survey., Human capital, Intergenerational transmission, Responsibility in education, Talent 2016 survey


The economic growth and well-being of the nation increasingly depends on the human capital. In our study we offer original findings based on our survey Talent 2016. We try to identify who the talented students are, which background they did come from and how the family background influenced them. Our paper provides clear evidence of human capital intergenerational transmission. The vertical immobility in the same generation as well as the vertical mobility between generations was observed. Most of the gifted students came from the complete highly educated families with tradition in their field of interest and long positive attitudes toward accumulating the knowledge. Contrarily, the role of the teachers in the support and guidance is negligible. We have shown that there is close relation between the gifted children premature reading ability and the accumulation of the human capital in their families. The same is valid for the attendance of the 8-years grammar schools. Based on our dataset, we do not observe the Galtonian regression toward the mean. For the future economic growth there must be offered a helping hand for the talented children with less educated family background.


  • Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., Razavieh, A., Sorensen, C.K. (2010) Introduction to research in education, 8th edition, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

  • Becker, G.S. (1993) Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education, London: The University of Chicago Press.

  • Benos, N., Karagiannis, S. (2016) ‘Do education quality and spillovers matter? Evidence on human capital and productivity in Greece’, Economic Modelling, vol. 54, pp. 563–573.

  • Black, S.E., Devereux, P.J., Salvanes, K.G. (2003) Why the apple doesn’t fall far: understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital, IZA Discussion paper series, No. 926.

  • Botsch, R. (2011) Scopes and Methods of Political Science: Chapter 12 [online]. Available: [02 May 2016]   

  • Brian, K. (2007). Human Capital: How what you know shapes your life, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [online]. Available: [02 Aug 2016]

  • Budíková, M., Králová M., Maroš, B. (2010). Průvodce základními statistickými metodami [Guide to basic statistical methods], Prague: Grada Publishing, a. s. 

  • Callard-Szulgit, R.D. (2012) Perfectionism and Gifted Children, 2nd edition, R&L Education.

  • CZSO (2014) Úroveň vzdělání obyvatelstva podle výsledků sčítání lidu [The education level of the population according to census results], Prague, Publication code 170232-14 [online]. Available: [02 Aug 2016]

  • Act no. 103/2014 Coll. amending Act no. 73/2005 Coll., on the education of children, pupils and students with special educational needs and exceptionally gifted.

  • Durante, R., Labartion, G., Perotti, R. (2011) Academic Dynasties: Decentralization and Familism in the Italian Academia. NBER Working Paper Series, WP 17572.

  • Entler, E., Sosnovec, L., Šecl, V. (2008) Umí školy pracovat s nadanými žáky? [Can the schools work with the gifted pupils?], Prague, Czech Schooling Inspection – Thematic report.

  • Ermisch, J., Pronzato, Ch. (2010) ´Causal Effects of Parent´s Education on Children´s Education´, ISER Working Paper Series.

  • Fischer, J., Lipovská, H. (2013a) ‘How Does the Parent’s Attained Level of Education Influence Lifelong Learning of Children?’ Efficiency and Responsibility in Education: 10th International Conference. Prague, pp. 128–135.

  • Fischer, J., Lipovská, H. (2013b) ‘Building Human Capital: The Impact of Parents’ Initial Educational Level and Lifelong Learning on Their Children’, Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 134–142.

  • Gallardo-Gallardo, E., Dries, N., González-Cruz, T.F. (2013) ‘What is the meaning of ‘talent’ in the world of work?’, Human Resource Management Review, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 290–300.

  • Hartl, P., Hartlová, H. (2000) Psychologický slovník [A Dictionary of Psychology], Prague: Portál.

  • Havigerová, J.M., Křováčková, B. (2011) Co bychom měli vědět o nadání [What should we know about talent], Hradec Králové: Gaudeamus.

  • Hříbková, L. (2009) Nadání a nadaní: pedagogicko-psychologické přístupy, modely, výzkumy a jejich vztah ke školské praxi [Gifts and talents: Pedagogical-psychological approaches, models, research, and their relationship to educational practice], Prague: Grada Publishing, a. s. 

  • Jackson, S.L. (2008) Research methods and statistics: a critical thinking approach, Australia: Heinle Cengage Learning.

  • Kell, H.J., Lubinski, D., Benbow, C.P. (2013) ‘Who Rises to the Top? Early Indicators.’ Psychological Science, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 648–659.

  • Lipovská, H., Fischer, J. (2016) ‘Talented students and their family background’ Efficiency and Responsibility in Education: 13th International Conference. Prague, pp. 319–326.

  • Lindahl, M., Palme, M., Massih, S.S., Sjögren, A. (2013) ‘Long-term intergenerational persistence of human capital: an empirical analysis of four generations’ Department of Economics, Stockholm University, Working Paper 2013:3.

  • Lundborg, P., Nordin, M. Rooth, D.O. (2011) ‘The Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital: Exploring the Role of Skills and Health Using Data on Adoptees and Twins’, IZA Discussion Paper no. 6099.

  • Makel, M.C., Snyder, K.E., Thomas, C., Malone, P.S. and Putallaz, M. (2015) ‘Gifted Students' Implicit Beliefs About Intelligence and Giftedness.’ Gifted Child Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 203–212.  

  • Matějů, P., Straková, J. (2003) ´Role rodiny a školy v reprodukci vzdělanostních nerovností. Sociologický pohled na úlohu víceletých gymnázií ve světle výzkumu PISA 2000.´ [Role of the family and school in the reproduction of educational inequalities. Sociological view to the role of the grammar school in the light of PISA 2000 survey] Sociologický časopis - Czech Sociological Review, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 625–652. 

  • Matějů, P. (2006) Nerovné šance na vzdělání-hlavní závěry z vydané monografie [Unequal educational opportunities-the main conclusions from the published monograph]. Socioweb 7 [online]. Available: [02 Aug 2016]

  • Mazouch, P., Fischer, J. (2011) Lidský kapitál. Měření, souvislosti, prognózy [Human Capital – measuring, context, projections], Prague: C.H. Beck.  

  • Morkes, F. (2010) ‘Proměny povinné školní docházky’ [Metamorphosis of the compulsory education] Učitelské noviny, 33/2010 [online]. Available: [02 Aug 2016]    

  • Mudrak, J., Zabrodska, K. (2014) ‘Childhood Giftedness, Adolescent Agency: A Systemic Multiple-Case Study.’ Gifted Child Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 55–70.

  • Pavlát, J. (2011) ´Dlouhodobé následky rozvodu pro děti.´ [Long-term Consequences of Divorce] Česká a slovenská psychiatrie, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 297-300.

  • Rinn, A.N., Bishop, J. (2015) ‘Gifted Adults: A Systematic Review and Analysis of the Literature.’ Gifted Child Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 213–235.

  • Sarsons, H., Xu, G. (2015) ‘Confidence Men? Gender and Confidence: Evidence among Top Economists’. In print.

  • Sękowski A., Siekańska M. (2008) ‘National Academic Award Winners over Time: Their Family Situation, Education and Interpersonal Relations’, High Ability Studies, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 155–171.

  • Senn, S. (2011) ‘Francis Galton and regression to the mean’, Significance, vol. 8, no.3, pp. 124–126.

  • Sewell, S., Shah, V.P. (1968) ´Parents´ Education and Children´s Educational Aspirations and Achievements´, American Sociological Review, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 191–209.

  • Winner, E. (1997) Gifted Children: Myths and Realities, Basic Books.

  • Yang, J., Qiu, M. (2016) ‘The impact of education on income inequality and intergenerational mobility’, China Economic Review, vol. 37, pp. 110–125.

  • Yeung, R. (2014) ‘Gifted Education: Robin Hood or the Sheriff of Nottingham?’ Education and Urban Society, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 798–825.

  • Additional Files



    How to Cite

    Lipovská, H. and Fischer, J. (2016) ’GIFTED STUDENTS AND HUMAN CAPITAL ACCUMULATION’, Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 60-69



    Research Paper